Ceftriaxone for dogs

Ceftriaxone is a third-generation antibacterial agent that has been successfully used to treat various diseases in dogs. The drug has long been used in medicine and veterinary medicine. It is highly effective, even copes with advanced pathologies. The medicine has restrictions on use, and if not properly dosed, it can cause serious side effects, therefore it should be used for animals only as directed by a doctor.

General description

Ceftriaxone is a powerful antibacterial agent that can destroy pathogens even when other medicines fail. The basis of the drug is sterile ceftriaxone sodium salt. Externally, the medicine is a white powder. Sometimes a yellowish tinge may be present. Before use, the powder must be diluted with water for injection or saline.

Since Ceftriaxone is manufactured in a sterile form, transparent glass vials are used for its packaging. To maintain tightness, they must be clogged with rubber caps, and then rolled with aluminum caps. In one bottle there can be 0.5, 1 and 2 g of ceftriaxone sodium salt. When buying an antibiotic, be sure to pay attention to the amount of drug in the package.

Pharmacological properties

Ceftriaxone is effective against many harmful bacteria, including those microorganisms that have resistance to other antibacterial agents. The drug destroys the following types of pathogens:

  • staphylococci;
  • E. coli;
  • streptococci;
  • salmonella;
  • clostridia;
  • hemophilic bacillus;
  • enterobacteria;
  • shigella;
  • Klebsiella et al.

The principle of its action is quite simple - the active substance destroys the cell walls of bacteria. This not only prevents their further reproduction, but also leads to death. Antibiotic differs in fast action. With intramuscular administration, the concentration of the active substance in the blood reaches its maximum value in just 1.5 hours. In this case, the medicine fully works for the benefit of the body, since its bioavailability is 100%.

The antibiotic is excreted from the body of the animal, mostly by the kidneys, along with urine and only partially - with bile through the intestines.

When applied

Ceftriaxone is usually prescribed to dogs for the treatment of the following diseases:

  • otitis media;
  • sinusitis, bronchitis, laryngitis and other pathologies of the respiratory tract;
  • sepsis;
  • cystitis, pyelonephritis and other diseases of the genitourinary system;
  • meningitis;
  • infectious lesions of bones and joints;
  • purulent wounds;
  • salmonellosis and other bacterial diseases of the digestive system;
  • blood poisoning, etc.

Since the antibacterial agent is powerful and effective, the list of pathologies in which it can be used is quite impressive. In this regard, it can be called a universal drug in the treatment of diseases provoked by bacteria, but you should not use it without a doctor’s prescription.

Note! Ceftriaxone can be used for dogs. It is prescribed mainly for severe pathologies, when drugs developed specifically for animals can not cope. The medicine cannot be used for self-medication.

The drug is also used after prophylactic operations. The medicine helps prevent complications that are manifested by infectious inflammation.

How to apply

According to the instructions for use, Ceftriaxone injections are administered to dogs intramuscularly. You can also administer the medication intravenously, but it is difficult to put the droppers on the pet at home. In addition, this requires the professional skills of a doctor. But subcutaneously administering the medicine is not recommended, because painful bumps may occur at the injection site.

Injections are done once a day. In rare cases, injections are made 2 times a day if the disease is severe. The course can last from 5 to 10 days, but the doctor must determine the duration of treatment. An antibiotic can be combined with drugs for symptomatic therapy.

Note! After the symptoms of the disease have disappeared, injections are made for another 3 days. Only in this case will it be possible to completely destroy pathogenic microorganisms. Otherwise, bacteria will develop resistance to the drug, and the disease will become chronic.

It is advisable to give injections in the back thigh, where there is the largest accumulation of muscles. It is recommended to inject the antibiotic into different paws one by one, since the injections are very painful and the injection site can hurt for a long time. If the drug is used for large pets, do not use an insulin syringe. Firstly, with a sharp movement, the pet can break a thin needle. Secondly, the drug solution will be administered for a long time, which will give the animal additional torment.

How to breed and calculate the dose

According to the instructions for dilution, Ceftriaxone must be diluted with water for injection, but in practice I often use lidocaine or novocaine because of the high pain of injections. Anesthetic may only be used if the animal is not allergic to it. When administered intravenously, the powder is diluted with sodium chloride.

If you use a bottle with 0.5 g of powder, you will need 1 ml of 2% lidocaine and 1 ml of water for injection. If the bottle contains 1 g of the drug, then lidocaine and water for injection should be taken 2 times more - 2 ml each. Subject to these proportions, 0.12-0.16 ml of the prepared solution should be taken per 1 kg of weight, but the veterinarian should calculate the exact dose. Inject the liquid into the vial with a syringe, and then shake well. Next, use the solution for injection.

Important! At room temperature, the solution is suitable for use for 6 hours. It can be stored in the refrigerator for 24 hours.

Limitations and side effects

According to the instructions for use, Ceftriaxone for dogs should not be used if there are the following health problems:

  • liver failure;
  • intolerance to cephalosporin antibiotics;
  • renal failure.

Also, the drug is prohibited when carrying offspring, since it can cause an abortion.

You can not combine the medication with other antibiotics. With the combined use of the drug with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the risk of internal bleeding increases. If Ceftriaxone is combined with certain types of diuretics, nephrotoxic syndrome may develop. Comprehensive treatment should be selected only by a doctor.

A medicine can cause such side effects:

  • diarrhea;
  • dysbiosis;
  • vomiting
  • malfunctioning of the liver and kidneys;
  • increased platelet count in the blood;
  • anemia
  • nausea

Painful seals may remain at the injection site. In allergies, due to antibiotic intolerance, a rash, redness, itching, chills, and even anaphylactic shock may develop. For this reason, at the first application, it is desirable to observe the reaction of the body and have an anti-allergenic agent (preferably in injections) on hand.

Note! The use of ceftriaxone in dogs can provoke the development of cholelithiasis.


The price of Ceftriaxone ranges from 20 to 50 rubles per bottle, depending on the amount of powder inside. You can buy medicine in veterinary and ordinary pharmacies for people. It is sold in all pharmacies, so there are no problems with its search.

Owner reviews

Maria, owner of the shepherd:

"Ceftriaxone helped us cure our 15-year-old dog from pancreatitis. The disease was very severe, there were a number of complications. The dog completely refused food and almost did not move. 10-day course of treatment and Lary became like new. I believe that the victory over the disease is the merit of the antibiotic, although other drugs have been used. "

Oksana, mistress of the Pekingese:

"Our dog severely injured his paw while walking. Suppuration began. The doctor prescribed Ceftriaxone. They pricked 5 days, bred with lidocaine. The dog tolerated the injections well, didn’t break out, just whined a little. The wound healed quickly. A good remedy, although it has its drawbacks. The doctor warned about possible side effects, but they haven’t touched us. "

Veterinarian reviews

Vladimir, veterinarian with 8 years of experience:

"I consider Ceftriaxone one of the best antibiotics. It always copes with the destruction of bacteria. But I want to warn pet owners that the drug is strong and it’s definitely not worth using it yourself. The main advantages are efficiency, affordability and low price."

Valentina, a veterinarian with 5 years of experience:

"In a nutshell, it’s difficult to express an opinion on this antibiotic. On the one hand, it is effective and can become a lifesaver for severe pathologies, and on the other it’s a rather dangerous drug. If used incorrectly, it can cause serious side effects. I usually give preference to weaker ones antibacterials, and only in case of emergency use Ceftriaxone. "

Watch the video: Canine IM injection (April 2020).