Trimming (other names - stripping, rolling) is a hygienic procedure for removing dead hairs from the coat of dogs. It is necessary for wire-haired breeds. Hair can be removed with your fingers manually or using special tools and accessories. The second option is the most gentle and common.
The coat of hardcoat consists of two layers:
- The short undercoat has a soft texture, thick enough to warm the animal.
- Long and stiff outer hair.
Such a structure formed naturally. Dead hairs are removed when the dog is a lot and actively walks on the street. For pets brought up at home and limited in mobility, trimming has become an alternative.
Some owners confuse trimming with a haircut, although these are completely different procedures. With the systematic shearing of hard hairs with a machine or scissors, the hair dims, thins, thins, becomes soft. After trimming, nothing like this happens: instead of the removed ones, new hairs of a similar structure and density grow. The quality of the hairline not only does not deteriorate - on the contrary, it improves.
Benefits and benefits for the pet:
- the procedure speeds up blood circulation, which has a beneficial effect on the growth of new hair;
- the owners do not need to comb out the pet every day, while it looks well-groomed;
- timely removal of dead hair allows the skin to breathe, minimizes the risk of parasite proliferation and the development of infectious, fungal diseases.
Trimming Dog Breeds
The procedure is mandatory for representatives of breeds with hard and mixed hair. These include:
- Jack Russell
- fox terrier;
- Irish and Scottish Terriers;
- core terrier;
- Giant Schnauzer;
- miniature schnauzer;
- wire-haired dachshund;
- Cocker Spaniel;
- Jack russell
- Fox terrier
- Irish Terrier
- Scottish terrier
- Cairn terrier
- Giant Schnauzer
- Miniature schnauzer
- Wire-haired dachshund
- Cocker Spaniel
Light or full
Groomers trimming dogs using modern techniques that weren't there 20-25 years ago. If before all coarse-haired breeds went through full plucking, today light thinning is most in demand.
Easy thinning - gentle technique, during which the upper backing layer is thinned out. The master gently grabs part of the protruding hairs and removes them so as not to damage the healthy cover. During the hygiene procedure, the animal loses no more than 15% of the hair volume if it is thinned out monthly. If the frequency is 1 time per quarter, then the volume will be large - on average a third of the total volume.
Full trimming - a more time-consuming process, as the groomer removes all dead core hairs. The undercoat can be removed, left or sheared - it depends on the weather on the street and the initial state of the coat. The undercoat is plucked to renew it, but in the cold season it is usually not touched to protect the dog from frost. This technique is used if more than 4 months have passed since the last procedure.
When to thin out
Timing depends on the breed, the size of the animal, the goals of thinning the cover. Small and medium terriers should be accustomed to stripping from 4 months of age, large - from 6 months.
The frequency depends on the technique and goals. Optimal frequency:
- for light equipment - every 3 months;
- for full plucking - every 6 months.
This is best done in spring and autumn, when seasonal molting begins in animals.
In the case when the animal will participate in the exhibition, the frequency changes. Most wire breeds are trimmed 2 months before the event. The exception is schnauzers - for 2.5-3 months.
It is important! Frequency is an individual parameter, which largely depends on age, state of health, activity, quality of food, past diseases, because any deviations affect the condition of the coat. The owner needs to skip a small amount of hair between the fingers - there should not be any hairs on the hand. If they stayed, it's time to trim the pet.
Salon procedure and its features
Professional thinning in grooming salons involves the use of special equipment and tools:
- The table, in the design of which there are locks, so that the dog does not move during the procedure. The surface of the table is rough, which prevents the paws from sliding on it.
- Knives for trimming. Professionals use several knives: to remove undercoat, thick wool, hairs on the body.
- Stone knife. The shape of this tool resembles a nail file. Used to remove hair in ears and other hard to reach places. With this knife, you can carefully remove dead hair without damaging the skin of the dog.
- A stone with a loose structure, with the help of which specialists remove dirt from the cover of the animal and the remaining hairs at the end of trimming.
- Special powder or crayons - they use to scrub dead cells, renewing the skin. Powder and crayons do not contain talcum powder, they are safe for the health of the pet.
- Slicker brushes and combs that carefully comb the wool before the procedure remove the tangles.
Groomers do not use scissors - they usually dismantle the felted wool lumps with their hands. To facilitate the task, special oil is used.
Salon care is safe and painless - pets accustomed to it often fall asleep during plucking. Specialists try to remove all old wool in one visit, so that the new one grows evenly and simultaneously. In the process, pauses of 10-20 minutes are possible so that the animal rests and calms down.
The average price for trimming dogs is 2,000 rubles for small breeds and 3,000 rubles for medium and large breeds. It can be higher and lower - it all depends on the class of the grooming salon and the demand for a specialist. When removing a large volume of wool, the cost increases.
How to trim a dog at home
To care for the stiff hair of a puppy or adult dog at home, you need to know the sequence and subtleties of the procedure - in order to avoid bald spots on the cover and injuring the skin.
For independent trimming of dogs at home, you do not need to bathe an animal - dirty hairs are more convenient to capture and remove. The presence of a folding table is an advantage, and in its absence, a drawer or a cabinet can be used as a pedestal. Some owners trim the pets on the floor, but when sitting they are uncomfortable.
Before the procedure, you should carefully comb the hair. This is done in the course of its growth, and not in the opposite direction. Sometimes on the paws of the pet, tangles are formed - they must be pulled out. Next is combing the head. The warlocks here are not pulled out, but untangled by the fingers.
Experts advise starting treatment from the back - this zone is not as sensitive as the others, touching it calms the animal. Trimming it is most convenient when the pet lies on its stomach. The knife is sandwiched between the thumb and forefinger of the working hand. Next, you need to grab a small bundle of hair and pull it out with a sharp movement. This is done only along the growth of the hairline. With his free hand, the owner holds the neighboring plot.
At home processing of the head, the knife is not used - the wool is thinned out with fingers. It is easiest to pluck out small areas - after each time it is advisable to comb the animal and see so that it is not inadvertently removed. To remove hairs in the ears, tweezers are used if there is no professional tool.
After the back and head, you can go to the tail, ears, paws and chest - the sequence depends on the behavior of the animal, its degree of anxiety. The owner will have to adapt to it, so as not to provoke excessive irritation.
It is important! The pet in stress is restless, scared, nervous. The hosts try to calm him down with strokes - this should not be done so that he does not regard the gesture as an encouragement. Stroking is better to replace with massage movements - this will distract the animal, switch its attention.
After removing all dead hairs, the pet is combed again, bathed and dried. Separate protruding hairs are removed by hand after drying. The dog quickly gets used to it - in the third session he is already sleeping soundly.