Toy poodle is a popular breed of decorative dogs that combines high intelligence, suppleness with sophisticated training, a pleasant character and similarities to a stuffed toy. The hair of a poodle is considered hypoallergenic, and with the help of haircuts you can create any images. One gets the impression that the poodle is completely devoid of flaws.
A poodle is a very old breed of dog. To date, there is no consensus on its origin. Most dog handlers are inclined to believe that the poodle appeared as a result of crossing several breeds with curly hair. Most likely, these were water spaniels, retrievers, barbets, possibly also cops and greyhounds.
The image of dogs with a haircut was first encountered in the works of Flemish and Dutch artists of the 15th century. The first mention of the poodle dates back to the 16th century and is found in the chronicles of central Europe. By this time, dogs were already common in France, England and Germany, as well as some other countries. They were used to hunt ducks, they brought black game out of the water, worked like truffle dogs. The curly hair of the poodle kept warm and protected it from injuries, but significantly impeded movement, so they began to cut them. Already in the XVIII-XIX century, the first dog salons began to appear. France dictated the hairstyle. This country is today recognized as the birthplace of the breed. The first clubs began to appear at the end of the 19th century, standards were published in England in 1886, and in Germany in 1904. Poods were exported overseas and became widely known in the States. In different countries, their breeding went its own way, so the breed became very diverse: poodles were small and large, light and strong, plain and colorful.
Poodles began to appear in Russia in the 19th century. They quickly gained popularity among the intelligentsia and aristocracy, became the favorite dogs of artists, writers and artists. Basically, these were dogs of Russian breeding, but there were also small varieties brought from Europe.
In 1936, a description developed by French breeders was adopted as the official breed standard. Its latest version was published in 2007.
Video review about the toy poodle dog breed:
That poodle is a small dog of easy tracking, slightly stretched format, with characteristic curly hair. A haircut should emphasize all the advantages of an elegant and proportionate physique. That poodle is the smallest of the four varieties, its height ranges from 24 - 28 cm. Dogs usually weigh 2-2.5 kg. The standard highlights several important proportions:
- the length of the muzzle is 9/10 the length of the skull;
- the height at the withers is almost equal to the height of the croup;
- body length slightly higher than height;
- the distance from the ground to the elbows is 5/9 of the height.
The head should not look heavy or too refined, proportional, well defined. The skull is slightly convex, the frontal groove between the eyes is wide, tapering towards the occipital protuberance. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is slightly expressed. The upper profile is rectilinear, parallel to the bone of the lower jaw. The muzzle looks strong. The nose is well developed, with open nostrils, black or brown, depending on the color. The lips are dry, of medium thickness, the upper lip lies on the lower, but does not overlap it. Scissor bite. The eyes are located at the level of the foot, set slightly oblique, almond-shaped, dark brown or black. Brown dogs have a dark amber color. The ears are long, fall down along the cheeks and set quite low. They are flat, expand from the base, the tips are rounded. The auricle should reach the corner of the lips.
The dog carries its head high and proudly raised. The neck is strong, with a slightly convex line of the scruff, its length is slightly less than the length of the head. The neck section is oval. The body is of good proportions, the withers are moderate, the back is short and straight. The loins of poodles are strong. The croup is round, the width of the chest is 2/3 of the depth. The bottom line is tightened. The tail is set high, long, can be stopped at 1/3 or 1/2 of the natural length. During the movement, the poodles carry the tail raised obliquely upward, and at rest it is lowered. The forelimbs are perfectly straight, parallel, with good bones and muscles. Paws are small, closed, form a short oval. The pads are thick, stiff. The hind limbs are placed in parallel, with well-developed distinct muscles and well-defined angles of the joints. Poodle movements are springy, light.
The skin is very elastic. For white poodles, she should strive for a silver color, and for the rest - to match the color. The coat is plentiful, thin, fluffy texture, should be well curled, with pressure it resists. The color is solid: black, white, brown, gray, apricot and red.
The standard allows several exhibition haircuts - "Leo", "Modern" and "English". In some cases, dogs in the Pappi haircut may be judged.
For good reason, poodles have been accompanying senior officials for centuries, sharing their mood and thoughts. They possess natural aristocracy, restraint and grace. That poodle is friendly to guests, very smart, always ready for games, but will not be too intrusive. These dogs are quite difficult to tolerate separation and loneliness, even short-term. They are jealous, stubborn and wayward, but they value their relations with the owner very much to be vindictive or prudent. Toy poodles are highly irritable, cannot stand raised voices and express irritability, although they are often shy. Very sensitive to the change of mood of the owner.
That poodle will be a great companion in games for older children, but for very young children it can be dangerous. A poodle requires a respectful and affectionate attitude towards itself, where it is intolerant of children's pranks and can snap back. In addition, the child himself can harm the dog.
That poodle is a cheerful, energetic, friendly dog, very loyal to its owner. This dog becomes attached and loves all members of the family, and treats strangers cautiously, and may be frightened by the annoyance on their part. Toy poodles are completely devoid of aggression and do not show guard qualities.
Dogs of this breed are so human-oriented that they rarely pay attention to other dogs on walks and prefer talking with their owners to games with their brothers. A curly-haired baby gets along very well with any other domestic animals - from birds and hamsters to dogs and mastiffs, although the latter are often afraid.
Most of the actions of the poodle are accompanied by a loud barking and many more various sounds with which the dogs, like little bells, react to every rustle outside the door and communicate with the owner.
If you pamper a little poodle too much, it can grow into an uncontrollable moody dog, sometimes even aggressive.
Parenting and training
It is difficult to apply the term “training” in the full sense of the word when it comes to that poodle. Rather, this dog is raised and accustomed to the rules of behavior in the house and on the street. Toychiki will never disgrace the good name of a poodle, known for his outstanding abilities for training, mastering complex tricks and teamwork. During the puppy growing up, it is very important to devote a lot of time and attention to education and socialization. It must be remembered that this dog, although tiny, can and should be pampered, but knowing the measure. The puppy is accustomed to a bed and a toilet, he must master the basic rules of behavior in the house. Growing up that poodle should take place in a calm environment, where nothing scares and does not annoy the baby.
Socializing a puppy, getting to know different people, with smells and sounds, will make it possible to raise a self-confident small dog, and not a cowardly creature shivering from every rustle.
Training for that poodle is a great way to spend time with the owner. These doggies quickly and easily remember the commands and happily execute them. To make living together and walking more comfortable, it is necessary to train the dog in basic commands, such as “place”, “fu”, “to me” and “not to”.
In the training and education of that poodle, it is important to be consistent and not require unsystematic execution of commands and, moreover, not insist on their strict execution. This doggie fulfills the request of the owner, and does not obey the commands.
It is difficult to imagine a more suitable breed for keeping in an apartment. That poodle is very small, neat, does not smell and does not fade. Doggie must have its own sleeping place, protected from direct sunlight and drafts. It should be quite spacious and comfortable.
Poodles are very active and energetic dogs, but their needs for walks are quite easy to satisfy - they will be content with a leisurely walk in the park. It is especially good if there is an opportunity to run and play without a leash with the owner. In bad weather or severe frost, that poodle does not have to be taken outside if he is accustomed to walking in the diaper at home.
Poodles need a haircut not only from an aesthetic, but also from a hygienic point of view: sticky dirt and food debris in the hair on the face, between fingers and pads, lead to tangle and skin diseases.
Already at a temperature of 0 - + 5 that poodle freezes and does not want to spend much time on the street. To slightly extend the walk, which is necessary to maintain health, dogs are selected clothes according to the weather.
A toy poodle will not be the best option for a family with young children, as well as for people who are constantly busy at work. In addition, the dog should not be brought to people who do not want to regularly pay attention to its appearance.
Toy poodles eat very little and there are whims only if they are pampered with goodies from early childhood. The owner chooses whether to feed that poodle with natural or dry prepared foods, both options are acceptable. The natural diet is made according to standard recommendations for dogs. Production feeds are suitable for super premium or holistic class for dwarf or small breeds. Due to the tendency to allergies with the selection of the diet, one often has to experiment. You should not accustom a dog to eat from the hands, it should get used to eating from its own bowl, into which a certain portion of normal healthy food is poured, and not just goodies.
A poodle requires a very troublesome care, which takes a lot of time and considerable material costs. Given the tendency to dental diseases, brushing your teeth is recommended once a day. It is important for a poodle to choose good cosmetics that will be suitable for the type of coat and not overdry the skin, because you often have to bathe a dog. Ears should be cleaned once a week. Claws are cut as they grow, usually every 3-4 weeks. You need to comb a poodle every day, while simultaneously inspecting the wool for the presence of tangles and rubbing its eyes, removing the secret accumulated in the corners. In dogs of white color, lacrimal paths often have to be whitened by special means, especially in puppyhood. For adult dogs, excessive lacrimation is not typical.
Mowing poodles began much earlier than decorative dogs came into fashion, and this was done for the convenience of the animal during the hunt for waterfowl. Today, fanciful haircuts are not only a necessity, but also a way of self-expression.
From early childhood, the poodle puppy is so used to various hygienic procedures that an adult dog sometimes does not even have to fix it - she sits and enjoys manipulating it. The basic haircut of the poodle is the Lion and its modifications. Also popular are such hairstyles as Modern, Continental, English Saddle, Teddy Bear. Dogs of this breed are sheared every 1.5-2 months; they bathe usually once every 2-3 weeks. Is it possible not to cut the dog? it is possible, but the curly hair of a poodle grows constantly, and it’s hard to say who it will look like in a year and a half. You can not do a certain haircut and do not cut to separate sections to zero, but you will have to shorten the hair all over your body.
Health and Life Expectancy
The poodle has very poor health and a whole bunch of hereditary diseases. It is rare to find a dog that would be completely healthy and delight owners with good health throughout their lives. It is especially hard with poodles of advanced age. In the breed, a predisposition to the following diseases is distinguished:
- dental diseases (gingivitis, tartar, ulcerative stomatitis);
- urolithiasis disease;
- pancreatic atrophy;
- the development of diabetes;
- tracheal collapse;
- cardiovascular diseases, including chronic atrioventricular valve insufficiency, von Willebrand disease, non-closure of the Botall duct in puppies (can not be treated);
- extended cardiomyopathy;
- aseptic necrosis of the femoral head;
- postpartum tetany;
- intervertebral disc disease;
- ectopia of the ureters;
- ophthalmic diseases (glaucoma, forced retinal atrophy, cataract);
- otitis media of various etiologies;
- Cushing's syndrome;
- dislocation of the patella;
- dermatological diseases.
The birth of a poodle proceeds differently, but ends, as a rule, with a caesarean section. Once a year, it is advisable for that poodle to undergo a comprehensive physical examination, which will include a consultation with a therapist, ophthalmologist, cardiologist and other specialists, if necessary. Vaccination is performed annually according to standard regimens. Once every 3-4 months, preventive deworming is carried out. With the onset of heat and before frosts, the dog is treated from external parasites, the frequency depends on the agent used. The average life expectancy of that poodle is 14 years.
Before taking a puppy, you need to make sure that his parents and their ancestors are small in size and in good health. Otherwise, the situation may turn out, as in a joke when a bear grew out of a hamster.
Externally, the kids should be healthy, with clean soft fur, shiny eyes and clean ears. It is worth paying attention to the compliance of the baby with the standard in many already noticeable parameters. Ears should be hanging, eyes dark, and nose, tufts and claws - pigmented in accordance with a uniform color. Forelegs should be upright, hind legs parallel.
The tail stops on 3-5 days of life, it should not be too long. In some cases, it is left natural. Usually this happens when the breeders have already received from a pair of promising babies and in the future they rely on a good livestock, with which it will be possible to participate in international exhibitions in countries where docking is prohibited by law. It is almost impossible to see a future winner in a 2-3-month-old baby, but even the little ones "for the soul", as they say, must comply with the standard. The puppy of that poodle should be curious, friendly, in no way aggressive and not cowardly, otherwise he most likely has an unbalanced psyche.
The baby must have a veterinary passport with all vaccinations by age. A thoroughbred puppy, moreover, has a mark and a metric (puppy card), which is then exchanged for a pedigree.If all these documents are not there, then the kids appeared as a result of unplanned mating and, in the best case, the breeder accidentally had two good dogs that already gave good offspring. However, most often unscheduled viscous fraudsters hide behind. Desiring to earn money, they knit their dogs, despite the fact that they are the closest relatives. Under the guise of dwarf poodles, they can sell mestizos that have inherited curly hair and the small size of one of the parents. The minimum age at which a puppy can be taken to a new home is 2-2.5 months.
Prices for toy poodles are very different. Dogs of good blood from kennels where pairs are competently selected cost from 30 thousand rubles ... You can buy a miniature puppy from your hands for 5-10 thousand rubles ...
Photos of puppies and adult dogs of the toy poodle breed are collected in the gallery: