Tobet (Kazakh Wolfhound) is an ancient breed of large and strong shepherd dogs. It has long been used for grazing sheep, horses and protecting them from wolves. One of the characteristic qualities of Tobet is friendliness to a peace-minded person and child. Today, the breed is on the verge of extinction.
Tobets in the form in which they are presented today formed about 3000-4000 years ago. This is evidenced by excavation data and cave paintings discovered in the Almaty region. It turns out that tobet is a representative of one of the oldest breeds, a witness to the whole history and life of the Kazakhs. The first European to describe the Tobets was Marco Polo. He said these were huge donkey-sized dogs, very strong and surprisingly friendly. They are used for protection, hunting for wild animals and as draft force.
Large male leaders always choose their place on a hill, from where the whole territory is clearly visible. Hence the name of the breed: “tobe” means a hill, “it” means a dog, “tobe it means tobet” means a dog on top, a dog on a mountain.
The main enemy of cattle in the steppes of Kazakhstan are wolves, and the Tobets have always been the only salvation from them. In the 20th century, when everything began to be systematized, these wolfhounds were assigned to the Central Asian Shepherd Dog and assimilated with Alabai. The state of animal husbandry, the lack of competent breeding work, the uncontrolled shooting of dogs and metalization also had a negative effect on the number of tobets. Today, enthusiasts are engaged in the revival of the breed, indicating that tobet is a national treasure of Kazakhstan, which must be preserved and increased.
The appearance of the tobet personifies strength and power. The dog is large, in a rough type of addition and a tendency to dampness. Extended format housing. Sexual dimorphism is pronounced. The average height of a male is 72-75 cm, weight is 50-60 kg.
The head is heavy with a simplified top, powerful skull. The superciliary arches and the occipital protuberance are clearly marked. The forehead is wide, flat. The transition to the muzzle is smooth, but well marked. The muzzle is shorter than the skull. The back of the nose is wide, rectangular. The lobe is large, black. The upper lip is thick, covers the lower lip, often forming bryl. Cheekbones are powerful. The lower jaw is wide. The ears are small, triangular in shape, usually shortly stopped. Powerful neck with a well-developed suspension.
The body is massive with deep and wide breasts. The loin is well developed, wide. The back is stiff, elastic. Belly lowered. Subcutaneous tissue is well developed throughout the body, but especially in the neck, withers, and chest. The legs are muscular, massive, of medium length. The tail is long, set moderately high, well pubescent. Often shortly stopped.
In some farms, tails are stopped only by bitches; male dogs are left of natural length so that they can be easily distinguished in the herd.
The coat is coarse, firmly pressed to the body with a well-developed undercoat. The length of the spine reaches 10 cm. On the neck of males, the hair often forms a mane. On the front surface of the legs and head, the coat is thinner and shorter. A distinctive feature of Tobet's wool is waterproof. Colors are not too diverse: black, brown, red, gray. The specified colors can be of various shades and combinations: monophonic, two, three-color.
Nature and behavior
Kazakh Tobets are calm, balanced dogs with a pronounced territorial instinct, born guard. They are characterized by social behavior and aggression towards potential rivals. Championship issues are often resolved through a struggle that does not end with death. Each dog has its own position and fulfills its duties. In relation to a person, Tobet is loyal, unobtrusive and independent, he is a friend and assistant, behaves on an equal footing. I am always glad to praise, I won’t specially ask for affection. It barks a little. In an unfamiliar environment, he behaves calmly, confidently. He has a very high intelligence, is able to assess the situation and make decisions. Tobet is not a companion who will sit at the owner’s foot, but he is always there.
Tobet, unlike many other wolfhounds, is quite friendly to people. Including strangers. If the owner is nearby, the dog will let the person into the protected area and greet with a wagging tail. It is interesting that during the day it will be allowed to leave, at night they will not be released without the permission of the owner. At night, the Tobets cordon off the protected area around the perimeter and conscientiously guard its borders.
In real Tobet, philanthropy, peace are laid. Kazakh wolfhound will never touch a child, even if he is tired of his moods.
From the outside it may seem that the Kazakh wolfhounds are lazy. This opinion is misleading. Dogs will really lie quietly if nothing happens around, but at the same time they never lose their vigilance and, if necessary, instantly find themselves where they need to be. Real tobets are not afraid of wolves a priori. If a dog runs away, smelling a wild beast, then other blood flows in its veins. To protect the average flock of sheep from wolves, only one Kazakh tobet is needed. He gives a voice, and the beast does not dare to attack. Wolves also sense power that can stop or cripple them.
Tobets are perfectly adapted to life in a sharply continental climate with large temperature differences. Developed subcutaneous tissue, along with thick hair, helps maintain the body's temperature balance, and during periods of lack of water and food it protects from depletion, like sheep’s fat tail.
Tobet is not suitable for urban and especially apartment living. This dog needs space, the ability to work and be useful. It can be used to protect a private house, but the most suitable option would be to live on a farm, work with a herd in a pack of other dogs.
Health and Life Expectancy
There are few specific health data. It is known that for the most part, tobets are strong, hardy dogs, they rarely get sick, they usually live for 11-14 years. With improper rearing of young animals and poor nutrition, joint problems can develop.
Where to buy a puppy of the breed Tobet
Buying a real tobet puppy is no easy task. The breed is very rare. Huge work on its revival is carried out in the nursery "Tobet Cossacks It" and some others. In the West, they are ready to lay out huge amounts for a "friendly wolfhound", but they can’t get any puppies. Complicating the choice of a good puppy is the fact that not all dogs, which the owners call tobets, meet the requirements of the exterior and character. Sometimes for tobets they give out apparently similar dogs, caught somewhere in the steppe.
According to some reports of the real Tobets in Kazakhstan, there are several dozen.
On the Internet, there are ads for the sale of tobet puppies (mainly on Kazakh sites). The average price is 100,000 tenge (approximately 17,000 rubles).
Photos and videos
More photos of Tobet dogs can be viewed in the gallery. In the pictures, Kazakh wolfhounds of different sex, age and color.