The Tibetan mastiff in the classification of breeds is included in the group of pinschers, schnauzers, molosses and Swiss cattle dogs, the section - molossians, the subsection - mountain dogs. Place of origin - China, Tibet.
History of breed origin
Tibetan mastiffs appeared more than five thousand years ago. This breed is considered the oldest in the world. In past centuries, dogs were actively used by the Chinese nobility for hunting wild animals and protecting homes.
According to legend, once Alexander the Great received an unexpected gift in the form of Tibetan mastiffs and sincerely rejoiced at him. After the representatives of the breed came to Ancient Rome, their global distribution began in all points of the globe.
According to the standard, the color of the breed can be black, black with red tan, brown, golden or gray. Various variations of tones of the presented shades are allowed. Males of the Tibetan mastiff have a height at the withers within 70 centimeters, bitches within 60 centimeters. The mass of dogs ranges from 60 kilograms.
The Tibetan mastiff is a large tall dog with a strong physique. A distinctive feature of dogs is a luxurious long coat with a well-defined undercoat that protects from unwanted weather conditions.
Body length slightly larger than withers. Eye color usually matches the color, but may vary slightly, the lips should cover the lower jaw. The hair on the neck is like a mane of a lion. The tail is medium length, slightly rising above the back. The paws of the Tibetan mastiff are muscular, rounded.
Representatives of the breed are distinguished by a strong independent character. From early childhood, the puppy will show devotion to its owner and members of his family. Dogs show good watchdog qualities, which determines their use as guards.
Dogs are suitable only for keeping in the countryside. In the apartment they do not feel comfortable. Tibetan mastiffs need regular active walks. They need a lot of room for games and fun. They will be happy to keep company with their master during a morning run, classes at the stadium or a trip to nature. Active physical activity will prevent the development of hip dysplasia in dogs.
Tibetan mastiff training
Dogs are well trained and raised. The main indicator is the strength of the character of the owner, who can show his perseverance and show due patience.
Remember, the training of the Tibetan mastiff must be dealt with from the very childhood of the dog. Otherwise, you may begin to have problems with adjusting the behavior of the pet, and it will be more difficult to cope with it. In order for the puppy to quickly learn commands and obey you, follow the basic rules - do not beat, scare the animal and shout at him. This behavior will only set the animal against you and may cause him to be aggressive. And the most correct answer to the question - how to raise a mastiff will be only one - the dog must be given into the hands of professionals. Only professional trainers who are familiar with the characteristics and characteristics of this breed can educate an adequate family member for you.
Nutrition and Feeding
Tibetan mastiffs need a complete balanced diet using products of natural origin - meat and fish dishes, milk porridges and fresh vegetables.
It is not worth explaining that the dog eats a lot, especially during the growing up period. An adult Tibetan mastiff eats not so much, even less than dogs of other breeds, similar in size. The best way for the owner in this situation is to provide the pet with a balanced diet containing everything that the animal needs for a full life.
Proper feeding of a mastiff is:
- compliance with the same intervals between feedings;
- ban on mixing dry food with natural foods.
For reference! Puppies up to four months should be fed 4 times a day. Then complementary foods are reduced to 3 times. Adults are fed twice a day, old dogs again 3 times a day.
There are several feeding rules that any host of the Tibetan mastiff should preferably follow:
- Try not to change the food, as a last resort, do it gradually.
- Do not give hot, smoked food, river fish.
- Do not take food of a different age category.
- Do not soak the feed in water, milk.
- Do not let the dog overeat.
Among other things, add vitamins to the diet of the Tibetan mastiff, and other useful additives designed for the full development of dogs.
Representatives of the breed are predisposed to many types of skin diseases, as well as diseases of infectious etiology. These dogs belong to centenarians, with proper maintenance and care their life span can be 14-15 years.
Tibetan mastiffs are very proud and vividly demonstrate their independence. They have a strong-willed character and incredible determination. But they are quite restrained and know how to control their temper. They love the owner and are very loyal to him. They also respect his family members. Representatives of the breed harmoniously combine amazing watchdog qualities and the kindness of companion dogs.
The kindness and loyalty of dogs is a determining factor for using them as companion dogs. They get along badly with other animals, showing them anger and aggression. They treat strangers wary without signs of aggression. At the first attempts to harm the owner, the pet will readily stop the offender.
Many of the people who bought the Tibetan mastiff are wondering why their pet, in contrast to the neighboring puppies, plays a little and sleeps very often. In fact, this is a normal occurrence for a dog of this breed. Mastiff puppies grow quickly, and it takes a lot of energy. Therefore, the animals do not frolic, accumulating forces for full development. Therefore, do not interfere in the natural process of nature, trying to wake and stir the animal contrary to his will.
Dogs are completely unsuitable for keeping in the city. A spacious country house with a large range for active walks is perfect for them. Tibetan mastiffs possess incredibly luxurious wool with an extra thick undercoat.
If you do not have such an opportunity, then walk with your pet several times a day, at least for 20-30 minutes.
Care for the little Tibetan mastiff should be carefully:
- Check your skin for scratches and wounds.
- Clean your baby’s eyes and ears.
- Teach him hygiene.
Among other things, a couple of times a week, you need to brush your teeth.
Most of the procedures for caring for a puppy will disappear by itself over time. As soon as the dog grows up, he will begin to take care of himself in many ways.
If you decide to have a Tibetan mastiff puppy, you should be prepared for the need to comb the dog daily. During molting, it will require even more thorough and laborious care. Caring for the hair of a Tibetan mastiff is a rather difficult and time-consuming process. Dogs need careful daily care using special combs and brushes. Bathing a dog is allowed only as necessary. Often, washing dogs is not recommended, bathing is possible only in case of important need.
The knitting of the Tibetan mastiff has its own characteristics. The main one is the late formation of the body. For example, a female reaches maturity only at 3 years old, a male at 4 years old. Earlier knitting is undesirable. This state of affairs can harm young parents and offspring. And in adulthood, the issue of choosing a partner for knitting must be approached with care. This is the only way to be sure of successful childbirth, healthy offspring.
Prices of puppies of the Tibetan mastiff
It is unlikely to buy a mastiff puppy in the transition or on the market - the breed is too rare. Therefore, you will have to contact the nursery.
The cost of the dog depends on the size of the puppy, the features of the content. If we talk about the average price, then it starts at 30,000 rubles. Naturally, setting such a price, the breeder gives guarantees that the baby is healthy, vaccinated, meets the requirements of the breed and other characteristics. It is clear that the seller is obliged to confirm his words with documents - certificates, pedigree.
There are a number of useful tips and tricks that you should pay attention to when buying a Tibetan mastiff:
- Do not save. If you decide to buy a dog that is not of a completely pure breed, but cheaper, then you run the risk of raising an aggressive and unbalanced animal.
- Regarding the choice of sex of the puppy, breeders say the following: "Inexperienced dog lovers are better off taking girls." Accordingly, a person familiar with raising dogs firsthand can try his hand at raising a male Tibetan mastiff.
- Do not forget about such things as a pedigree and other documents. See that the puppy does not have a predisposition to any hereditary disease.
Only upon completion of the formalities proceed to the selection of a puppy. Better take the liveliest baby.
Photos of the Tibetan mastiff: