The Tibetan Terrier attracts long-haired dog lovers all over the world with its friendly, balanced disposition, sensitivity and an extraordinary mind. The dog practically does not cause trouble in everyday life, but requires regular grooming.
Tibetan terriers have nothing to do with terriers. The breed received this name for its resemblance to the small fighter rodents that were and remain popular in the UK. It is known that dogs of this type have been bred for centuries in the Tibetan Highlands, however, it is not known for certain how these little helpers were used. There is an opinion that they were universal - they could work as shepherds or guard dogs, notifying larger guards about the impending danger.
A new era in the history of the breed begins in the 20s of the XX century, when the English doctor Agness Gray received a pair of Tibetan terriers as a gift from the Indian princess and brought them to the UK. She became the first person from Europe to receive puppies of this valuable breed for Tibetans. Her dogs laid the foundation for the English dynasty of Tibetan terriers. Further breeding work took place in the UK. In 1957, the breed was recognized by the English Kennel Club.
Tibetan terriers are often called abbreviated as "Tibetans." It should not be confused with “Tibetans,” who are Tibetan mastiffs, and “Tibbies,” the so-called Tibetan spaniels.
Video about dogs of the breed Tibetan Terrier:
The Tibetan Terrier is a small, sturdy dog of medium size with long flowing hair. The format of the body is square; the length from the shoulder-shoulder joint to the base of the tail is equal to the height at the withers. Growth at the withers - 35-41 cm., And weight - 8-14 kg.
The skull is of medium length, tapering slightly from the ears to the eyes. Stop is indicated moderately. The muzzle is very long, from the eyes to the tip of the tail equal to the length from the eyes to the occipital protuberance. The nose is black. The lower jaw is well developed. Scissor bite or reverse scissors. The jaw arch is curved. The eyes are round, large, widely spaced, dark in color, should not be convex. The eyelids are black. Ears are not too tight to the head, set high on the sides, hanging.
A medium-length neck allows you to carry your head above your back. The body is compact, strong, with well-developed muscles. The top line is horizontal. The loin is slightly convex, short. Croup horizontal. The tail is set high and kept bent over the back, creases are allowed at the tip. The chest is lowered to the elbow. Ribs well laid back and curved. Legs are straight and parallel. Paws are large, rounded, stand firmly on the pads, not arched.
The coat is double, formed by a plentiful thin integumentary hair, which should be straight or wavy, but not in a curl, and fluffy thin undercoat. In fact, any color is allowed, but chocolate and liver color is considered a serious drawback, although it does not lead to disqualification. The most common colors are red, white, cream, gold, smoky, black, tricolor and bicolor.
The Tibetan Terrier is an alert, friendly, intelligent, playful dog that is very loyal to the owner and other family members, non-conflict and non-aggressive. With strangers, these doggies behave moderately benevolently.
The Tibetan is the embodiment of an ideal companion dog. It is focused on people, needs constant attention, can accompany a person anywhere, quickly adapts to a new environment and suffers greatly in loneliness. The Tibetan Terrier quickly adapts to the lifestyle of the family, perfectly feels the mood of a person.
In most cases, Tibetan terriers get along well with other animals in the house, large and small. However, if a new neighbor appears with an adult dog, they can be jealous and provoke conflicts. The character formation is strongly influenced by the temperament of the owner, the conditions in which the dog grew and developed.
Tibetan terriers are great for keeping a family with children, especially with older kids, who can become a companion for the dog in games, but will not bother them with excessive attention. Communication with very young children should be controlled - Tibetans will endure a lot, but if they are hurt, they can snap back. Also, they can simply knock down the baby by jumping during the game. Tibetan terriers, especially males, tend to show their leadership makings not only over a person, but also over other animals in the house, especially in adolescence from 1 to 2 years. Often such behavior is facilitated by the owners themselves, who spoil the dog unnecessarily.
Parenting and training
Tibetan terriers need careful and unhurried upbringing. They are very sensitive to raising their voices, do not tolerate an unfair attitude towards themselves and, especially, physical punishments. Dogs of this breed are very smart and smart, if you find the right approach and motivation for them, you can achieve great success. Tibetans can execute a variety of commands, from simple to complex tricks. Of great importance during the growing up of the dog is early socialization, the absence of which will lead to aggression towards strangers and other animals.
Tibetan terriers are adapted exclusively for living in a house or apartment. If the dog is well looked after, it practically does not fade. This breed is cleanliness, in the house behaves calmly and unobtrusively. The level of barking depends on the upbringing: if you encourage this behavior, Tibetan terriers can be very vociferous, but if you pay attention to this during the upbringing, there will be no extra noise from the dog.
Tibetan terriers are very dexterous and hardy, they need regular long walks that will allow them to stay in good shape. Walking is necessarily complemented by games and training; dogs show very good results at agility, Pinch & go and other sports competitions. Classes will help the dog to constantly receive food for the mind and to pour out indefatigable energy in a positive way.
Caring for Tibetan terriers is a rather troublesome and expensive affair. First of all, long beautiful wool needs to be taken care of, which is combed daily or at least two to three times a week. They wash the dogs once a week and dry the hair well with a hairdryer. After washing, it is important to take apart the wool and comb it well. Cosmetics are selected individually, after washing they use antistatic agents and anti-tangling agents. In the cold season, wool needs additional protection with oils or greasy conditioner. Especially frequent combing is required for dogs aged 10-14 months, when puppy fluff changes to adult hair. The longer the dog walks without tassels, looks neat, has a healthy appearance - the better the selected cosmetics are suitable.
Long well-groomed hair is the pride of the Tibetan terrier, but the dog can be sheared, and sometimes it is necessary.
Owners who do not exhibit their Tibetans usually resolve the issue in favor of a haircut. The dog is sheared with the onset of heat under the machine with a nozzle up to 6 mm, often left a long tail and ears. By the cold, the terrier will have time to grow both integumentary hair and undercoat. After a haircut, the dog completely overgrows in about a year and a half. If the Tibetan Terrier is exposed and you need to keep long hair all over the body, weave braids or collect curls on papillots.
Tibetan terriers should receive a healthy and balanced diet, but the exact way to feed the dog is the owner’s personal choice. This can be high-quality industrial feed above a super-premium class or a diet made from natural products, which is based on meat, cereals, vegetables, fruits, some dairy products, eggs, and fish. They supplement the diet with bran and vegetable oil.
When choosing a diet, it is necessary to take into account that Tibetans often suffer from allergies.
In general, Tibetan Terriers should be fed according to the basic rules developed by veterinarians for small dog breeds.
Health and Life Expectancy
Like any other dog, Tibetan terriers are susceptible to various infectious diseases, and annual complex vaccinations can protect against some of them. It is also necessary to regularly treat the dog from external and internal parasites. In general, the Tibetan Terrier is considered a healthy breed. The usual lifespan for these dogs is approximately 14-16 years. Tibetans are resistant to colds, tolerate hot and frosty weather. As in any breed, they have their own characteristic hereditary diseases, but, compared to other dogs of a similar size, their number and frequency of registration are small.
- Hip dysplasia
- Eye diseases (dislocation of the lens, progressive retinal atrophy, cataract);
- Ceroid lipofuscinosis (a rare neurological disease that has been studied fairly well, but there are no treatment methods);
- Dislocation or displacement of the patella.
Most breed-specific diseases affect the organs of vision. They are hereditary and, contrary to popular belief, the length and density of the bangs does not affect the development of ophthalmic pathologies, especially when it comes to wool of natural length. In rare cases, trimmed bangs grow back and injure the cornea, causing inflammation. With timely treatment, the problem is quickly eliminated.
Pigmentation Disorder: Tibetan Terrier redness
In light-colored dogs, a violation of the pigmentation of the coat appears as redness in different parts of the body. It is important to establish the reason for these changes: they can be caused by the presence of certain foods in the diet, metabolic disorders, and also moulting disorders, while the old coat, which has not fallen out, acquires a red or red-brown hue, and remains light at the roots. If the disturbance is related to nutrition, the coat usually dyes from root to tip and returns to normal color after changing the feed. If such changes do not disappear after a change in diet, a metabolic disorder can be assumed. Also, staining the coat in shades of red can be a sign of allergy, flea infestation, or fungal skin diseases.
Choosing a Tibetan Terrier puppy
The breed is quite popular, so finding a puppy will not be difficult, but only if you do not have any special requirements for it - do not look for a baby with prospects for exhibitions and breeding, a certain gender and color. When choosing a Tibetan, it is worth considering that only dogs with a pedigree can participate in exhibitions and breeding. Although, this rule is often simplified by owners who knit their dogs for health. On the one hand, this gives potential buyers the opportunity to buy a puppy of the desired breed cheaper, but on the other hand, it increases the chance of getting a dog with unwanted traits or hereditary diseases.
It is worth noting that even among the breeders who keep the kennels, there are responsible people and not so, so before buying a puppy, it is advisable to evaluate the conditions of their maintenance, the condition of the mother after childbirth, the experience of the breeder. Small puppies should already largely comply with the breed standard, but most importantly, they must be apparently healthy, with a normal psyche, socialized according to age. Puppies are undesirable to pick up before 2-2.5 months vaccinated against major infectious diseases.
From two well-dressed Tibetan terriers puppies with short hair are sometimes born. At birth, they are practically no different from their usual counterparts, but at the age of 3 months their hair growth stops. Some dogs have a skirt, panties, and bangs, but the hair is short on the rest of the body.
The price of a Tibetan terrier puppy in nurseries usually fluctuates around 25,000-50,000 rubles. Pet-class dogs are cheaper, promising kids for exhibitions and breeding are more expensive. Dogs without a pedigree usually give no more than 10,000 rubles., And the owners of Mestizo puppies generally rarely become impudent and raise prices above 2,000 rubles.
The gallery contains photos of puppies and adult dogs of the Tibetan Terrier breed.