The Tibetan Spaniel (Tibby) is a small companion dog that has nothing to do with hunting spaniels, and was so named by the British only because of its outward resemblance to continental toy spaniels, fashionable at the beginning of the 20th century.
The history of the Tibetan spaniel is very similar to the history of other dog breeds hailing from the Top of the world. It is impossible to say reliably where they came from in the highlands of China, it is known that for centuries the monks bred four-legged helpers in isolation from the rest of the world. They took great care of their dogs, did not sell or export them. Only occasionally presented as a sign of special gratitude or respect.
The abbreviated Tibetan spaniel is commonly called tibby.
At the end of the 19th century, several small Tibetan dogs came to the UK, where they attracted the attention of dog breeders. Tibetan spaniels were first shown at the Kraft exhibition in 1898. In 1934, the English Kennel Club adopted the breed standard, thereby officially recognizing it. In 1961, Tibetan spaniels were registered by the International Cynological Federation.
Video about the dog breed Tibetan Spaniel (Tibby):
The Tibetan Spaniel is a small energetic dog of an elongated format with a relatively miniature head, without signs of rudeness. The height at the withers is about 25 cm, and the weight is 4-7 kg. External Tibetan spaniels are very different from other small Tibetan dogs, terriers and Lhasa apso, but at the same time they have undeniable similarities with the Pekingese and Shih Tzu, which, apparently, are their distant relatives.
Muzzle of medium length, without wrinkles, with a small chin. The eyes are expressive, clear, set wide. Ears set high, drooping, small. In adult dogs, decorated with wool. A typical Tibetan spaniel is a small snack, but the tongue and teeth should not be visible.
In general, the Tibetan spaniel should look harmonious. The neck is strong, short. Ribs with a good bend. The legs are relatively short. The backbone is strong. Paws are small, neat. The back is of moderate length, straight. Croup sloping. The tail is set high, twisted in a ring over the back, very well pubescent.
The coat is thin, soft, silky. On the muzzle and front of the legs is short, on the body is moderately long, fits well to the body. The undercoat is thin, thick. Ears, neck, tail and back of the legs are decorated with tows, which are especially noticeable in males. Colors are allowed any, the most common golden. In the homeland of the breed, a dark color with a white spot on the chest is appreciated, which, according to Tibetans, symbolizes a pure heart. A spot on the forehead is a sign of the Buddha, and a white tail indicates the thieves' inclinations of the dog.
First of all, the Tibetan Spaniel is a companion dog, friendly, energetic and smart. It is very attached to the owner and other family members, gets along well with children, especially older children, who can become partners in games. There is stubbornness and independence in the character of the spaniel, less often dogs are jealous. In general, Tibby is absolutely not conflicting, it gets along well with other animals, including cats, rodents and birds. They treat strangers with caution, but if they do not see a threat from them, they quickly make contact.
Tibetan spaniels are too self-confident, have a sense of self-esteem, but even with these qualities, they are not prone to barking at large dogs, they do not provoke conflicts, but if necessary they can stand up for themselves, showing unprecedented courage. The desired is often achieved by cunning.
Watchdog qualities are moderately developed. The Tibetan Spaniel barks relatively little. He calmly transfers trips and moving if his beloved host is nearby. He endures loneliness very hard, needs constant attention and communication. Very sensitive to the mood of a person, does not like screams, noise and quarrels. A modest and well-mannered tibby in the house on the street often shows his independence and stubbornness, may not respond to commands if he is not interested in him, and shows a tendency to vagrancy.
Parenting and training
Tibetan spaniels are famous for their intelligence. These are very smart dogs, which are easy enough to remember simple commands, learn the rules of behavior in the house and cleanliness. The Tibetan Spaniel is very energetic, loves praise, goodies and delight the owner, so he gladly carries out commands for delicious food. However, he does not accept strict organization, and will not fulfill the requirements if they do not coincide with his desires. Rough, inconsistent training often turns out to be ineffective, and the puppy grows up naughty and wayward. But if the owner is able to interest the baby and will conduct a training according to the method of positive reinforcement with the constant repetition of the material passed, he will be able to achieve good results and grow a completely manageable, obedient dog.
Due to its small size, tibby is great for keeping in an apartment. However, it is worth considering that the dog molts quite strongly, very slightly all year round and during seasonal molting. You can solve the problem with hair in the house with regular combing and haircuts. Tibetan spaniels are neat and tidy. If desired, they can be trained to cope with a diaper and relieve themselves of the need to walk the dog in bad weather. Absolutely not suitable for street content. Even with the monks in Tibet, they lived in rooms close to people. It is desirable that the dog’s house has its own sleeping place, it is better to have a cozy, quite spacious house in which you can retire and relax.
The Tibetan Spaniel needs moderate physical activity, which will allow the dog to remain in good shape and spill out the accumulated energy. If you manage to interest the spaniel in training, he shows good results in agility, freestyle and other sports that are suitable for small dogs.
The muzzle of the Tibetan spaniel is short, but not as flat as in other brachycephalic breeds, therefore they are not so affected by heat and are more likely to tolerate active physical activity, sometimes snoring in a dream.
To tibby always looked neat and presentable, you will have to devote a lot of time to grooming. The dog is regularly combed, after walking in the grass from the wool, it is advisable to immediately remove burdocks, grass seeds, twigs to prevent the formation of tangles. They bathe the dog every 7-10 days. Detergents are selected individually. Professional hypoallergenic cosmetics for dogs with soft long hair are best suited. After bathing often use conditioners and balms to prevent tangling. It is also important to monitor the cleanliness of the dog’s eyes, ears and teeth. Puppies sometimes show increased tearing, which passes with age. If the dog walks a little on hard ground, claws should be trimmed every 3-4 weeks.
Tibetan spaniels are exposed in the maximum natural form. Dogs who regularly attend the show are not sheared, only slightly trimmed the "hairstyle" immediately before the show. In other cases, owners prefer to cut their tibbiks for the summer, so that they again manage to grow in the cold.
Most owners and breeders of Tibby prefer to feed their dogs with good dry food, which are selected taking into account the age, size of the dog and physiological condition (lactation, pregnancy). However, there are also adherents of natural nutrition. In this case, the diet for the dog is made according to standard rules, usually with the help of a veterinarian. When choosing food, it is worth considering that Tibetan spaniels often suffer from allergies.
In adulthood, as well as after castration / sterilization, some dogs gain weight. It is important for owners to monitor the calorie content of the diet and adjust it as necessary.
Health and Life Expectancy
Tibetan spaniels belong to long-lived dogs, they often live up to 16-18 years, and sometimes more. The average life expectancy is 14-15 years. In general, dogs have good health, but are not without inherited diseases:
- Ophthalmic diseases (progressive atrophy of the retina, primary dislocation of the lens, inversion of the eyelids, dystrichiasis);
- Hip dysplasia;
- Dislocation of the patella;
- Nephropathy and urolithiasis;
- Incorrect bite, incomplete dental formula;
Tibetan spaniels need standard veterinary preventative measures. In addition, it is advisable to undergo an annual medical examination with the dog, which will allow you to identify the disease on time.
Tibetan Spaniel Puppy Selection
With the advent of fashion for decorative dog breeds, the popularity of Tibby has grown relentlessly. Increasingly, they can be found at exhibitions, the number of kennels is increasing, and with them grief-breeders who knit their dogs for profit or "for health". Puppies from such mating (except that they do not have documents of origin and any guarantees regarding health) will not be able to participate in exhibitions and, in theory, should not mate in the future. Naturally they cost much less than dogs with a pedigree from the kennel.
Those who are going to start a Tibetan spaniel, in advance should decide on the desired gender, color of the dog and the purpose of the acquisition. If Tibby should become an exclusively companion or friend for a child, they do not have special requirements for puppies. They should be outwardly healthy, well-fed, playful, curious and affectionate. However, even in this case, it is better to think about purchasing a dog with documents. At a minimum, this will save the future owner from the risk of buying a puppy born from close relatives and getting a dog with congenital pathologies. In addition, beautiful adult Tibby often want to show the whole world, and the owners, who initially took just a friend on the couch, then gladly build an exhibition career.
If you need a dog for shows and breeding, the choice of a puppy begins with finding a suitable nursery and parents. It is advisable that the couple have already registered litter and have the opportunity to trace the fate and career of the puppies born in them. When choosing a baby, they pay attention to its compliance with the standard: proportions, bite, type of coat and other parameters. It is better for novice dog breeders to seek the help of an expert dog handler or an uninterested breeder who knows about the nuances of the breed and helps to make a choice.
It is advisable to take puppies to a new home no earlier than 2.5-3 months. Kids should be vaccinated. Well, if the breeder has already begun to engage in their socialization, to introduce puppies to the outside world, other animals and people. Outwardly, puppies must be healthy.
The small number of breeds and growing demand allows breeders to keep prices at a fairly high level. The price of a Tibetan spaniel puppy starts from 35 000 rubles ... Promising kids for exhibitions and breeding can cost much more. Tibby puppies without a pedigree usually cost no more than 15,000 rubles ...
In the gallery below you can see photos of Tibetan spaniels of different sex, age and color.