The dog’s estrus is a natural and regular process, the course of which and the nuances of each responsible owner should know the features. Choosing an affectionate and funny puppy - a girl, we unconsciously choose a more difficult road. This is the path of the owner of a faithful dog, which forgets about everything two times a year, except for the need for a brief dog love. And here's how to understand that the dog is in heat and does not miss this moment. The scent and habits of potential suitors are much more competent in this regard, and this must be used to timely identify signs of impending estrus in dogs. Today we will talk about how long the estrus lasts in dogs, how often it happens, when it should be first, and many, many other nuances. related to this issue.
Signs of estrus in dogs
The dog’s estrus is well defined if you follow the behavior of the pet, and it changes quite strongly. The dog can play and flatter with special zeal, or vice versa - ignore the owner and not listen to commands. All these reasons are associated with a hormonal surge. A fairly common sign of estrus in dogs is the constant desire of the bitch to urinate. With this gesture, she marks the territory and shows potential cavalry readiness for courtship and possible mating.
One of the first signs of estrus in a dog is an increase in the loop along with the appearance of spotting. The swollen loop becomes pliable, loose, less formed, in some cases even sagging. And if you are interested in what a loop looks like before a estrus, in principle, see this photo.
The dog begins to lick more often and intensively under the tail. She also actively flirts with males, and they, in turn, show no less interest. Another sign of impending estrus is molting. This is not an indisputable fact, but this phenomenon is common.
Also, often at first, a bitch with pronounced aggression refers to males. She does not allow them to her and is ready to even bite, all this because the dog’s body is not yet ready for mating.
After a couple of weeks, the discharge of the pet begins to change, both the color and the structure of the discharge change. Now this is not a bloody substance, but rather a yellowish mucus. From the point of view of sexual desire - this is the most active period for the bitch and it is even more amplified if a male is nearby. At the sight of a male, the tail of the female begins to move to the side, and the body takes a pose that is convenient for sexual intercourse. Also at this time, the loop acquires the largest size. Such an excited state can haunt a dog for a week and if the owner needs to tie an animal - this is the most favorable period. But it is always worth considering the breed of the pet and personal personality.
The dog’s unpleasant odor during estrus, as well as its intensity, depend on the individual characteristics of the nursery.
One bitch may smell during estrus, another will smell fragrant in the second cycle, and an unpleasant odor from thirds will haunt the owners to the very end. Of course, talking about the smell that people feel, for a dog, a dog always smells during estrus.
If you visit a pet store, you can find a lot of different sprays that discourage an unpleasant smell in a bitch. Of the popular products, the following sprays can be distinguished:
These products are classified as luxury, and if you want something cheaper, you can consider options such as: Smart Spray, Anticobelinum and more.
It should be borne in mind that aromas may not be associated with estrus, but serve as a signal of hormonal disorders. And, of course, the dog can be absolutely healthy, everything is fine with her, and the unpleasant smell during estrus is her individual characteristics. But in any case, if there is any suspicion about the nature of aromas, it is better to show the pet to the veterinarian.
At what age does the dog's first estrus begin
Puberty is an individual feature of each individual dog and depends on many factors. And to answer the question - when the dog begins to estrus - thoroughly impossible, but approximate facts can be stated.
In most cases, for the first time, dogs begin to flow after 6-7 months. If the dog is of medium breed, then this period is shifted by 7-8 months. Also a lot depends on the breed. For example, Labradors, poodles, etc. can pull with the first time up to a year or more. Although, again, it is worth considering the individualism of the pet.
The first estrus in many young bitches may not be noticed at all. Allocations and changes in behavior can be scanty or absent altogether. But after a few months, the time comes for a second, full heat with all the consequences. And if the dog has no health problems, its further cycle will be quite accurate and predictable.
The most important questions
Further we offer you answers to the most common questions about estrus in dogs.
How long does a dog's estrus last?
There are plenty of nuances that affect the duration of estrus in a dog:
- conditions of detention;
- breed, etc.
In fact, to find out how long your dog will have estrus lasts, you can only take into account personal experience and observations. If you take the average number is 20 days. Keep in mind that the dog’s final estrus cycle is not immediately established; everything stabilizes by only two years. If you really want to know what, how much and why, make observations and record the results.
If we talk about the first estrus in a dog, then, as already mentioned, it does not last long. On average, the entire cycle is 3-5 days.
How often do dogs have estrus?
Most often, domestic dogs begin sexual intercourse 1-2 times a year. The interval between estrus is six months. This condition lasts 20-25 days. For the first week, the female’s body is not yet ready for mating, and in the case of increased interest in males, she will be aggressive, but starting on the ninth day, the dog herself wants fertilization.
The frequency of estrus in bitches depends on age; the breed of the dog should also be considered. For example, like flows only once a year. If the dog is old, then there may not be any external signs of estrus, but if it is allowed to mate, it will become pregnant. Another cycle may be disrupted due to hormonal disruptions in the body of the animal. For example, if the dog has anostria, then the body of the pet produces little hormones, and such a dog will not have estrus.
When does estrus occur in dogs after childbirth?
To find out how many dogs will have estrus after giving birth, the size of the animal and the breed must be considered. As a rule, small dogs flow once every six months, and animals of large breeds less often - once every 8-12 months. In general, exact numbers cannot be assigned about the frequency and duration of estrus. It all depends on each specific case: breed, size, etc. In order to find out exactly when the first estrus after delivery will be, the owner must observe the pet and control its cycles.
The main thing to understand is that in the prevailing cases, estrus after childbirth occurs when the cycle time comes and the pregnancy of the animal does not affect it. That is, the birth does not push estrus in time.
Does estrus in dogs stop after mating?
The intensity of estrus in a dog after mating decreases and stops quite rarely. Everything is going as usual. In this regard, it is necessary to control the dog until the complete termination of its sexual desire. And even if during the breeding season your pet behaved kindly towards the future father of the puppies, this does not mean that she will not want to walk somewhere on the side.
How is estrus in dogs?
All phases of estrus in dogs pass in such a way that they can be divided into four main stages. Vacation or estrous activity is the first three phases, where proestrus is the beginning, estrus is the period of sexual hunting and metestrus is the decay phase. Consider these phases in more detail.
|Proestrus - estrus|
The first phase can take up to 20 days. At this time, the ovaries of the animal actively produce follicles. Also during this period, the loop begins to swell in the pet, the functionality of the glands responsible for the secretion of mucus moisturizing the genitals increases. The vagina thickens, the walls of the uterus increase. The body of the animal is actively preparing for the continuation of life.
Changes affect not only the dog’s body. In this phase, the habits and needs of the animal are radically changing. A bitch can be overly affectionate and supple or, on the contrary, a harsh and naughty bitch that nibbles everything around. Potential fathers at this time have no road to mating.
|Estrus - The Hunt|
The approximate time interval of the phase is 4-12 days. By this time, the blood discharge almost disappears in the dog. They are replaced by a pale pink mucous substance. For an animal, this is the best period for mating.
The dog’s loop reaches an unprecedented value, swells, becomes soft, even flabby, and may slightly sag. When you touch the loop, the female begins to take a stand that is convenient for mating. The beginning of the second phase is the best time for a possible mating.
|Metestrus (diestrus) - after estrus|
The activity of the pet is visibly declining. The behavior becomes familiar, external physiological signs (loop) also return to normal. At this time the dog does not allow the boyfriends.
If mating occurred, then ahead of the period of pregnancy, lasting 60-65 days. If the dog is not pregnant, then its body calms down and begins to prepare for the next phase.
|Anestrus - Sexual Rest||This is the rest period for the animal. The dog is gaining strength, living, eating and frolic, as before. This phase depends on the type and characteristics of the pet and lasts an average of 2-4 months. The timing is also affected by the number of cycles.|
Whether estrus is present in sterilized dogs or not depends on what type of surgical intervention was used in a particular situation. Sometimes, to sterilize an animal, the veterinarian is limited to tubal ligation. If this method is used, then all phases of estrus in the dog will remain unchanged, but the pet will not be able to get pregnant.
If the uterus and ovaries were removed from the female during the operation, then she will no longer have estrus. Although in veterinary practice there were precedents when the adrenal glands assumed ovarian function, and estrus in such dogs resumed after some time.
Video, how the estrus goes on in dogs and how to care for a pet during this period:
Dog Complications in Heat
A few days ago, a beloved pet shone with health and cheerfulness, she ate beautifully and sported happily, and already today there are complications from heat, bleeding and other troubles, and the next day the animal needs to be urgently taken to save. Unfortunately, there are a lot of cases of this kind. The list of canine "sores" is so extensive that even an experienced veterinarian will not be able to keep in mind the entire list of possible ailments of the animal. This does not mean that if discharge began after estrus in the dog, the pet is sluggish and drooping, then it is worth falling into a panic right away. You just need to remember that estrus phases are the time when the dog is in an increased risk zone.
Complications during estrus can even be called an everyday occurrence, despite all the efforts of the owner, the degree of attention and the conditions of the animal. All major and minor factors lose ground when hormones are taken for granted. Indeed, not every change in state and behavior is a sign of illness. Under the influence of raging hormones, even a pet dog with impeccable education can turn into a raging beast or a real sufferer.
The owner may be alarmed that the dog’s estrus is sluggish, the pet may sleep a lot, not play, rush home after a walk. This is not scary - increased activity can even be called the norm. Not every bitch tolerates hormonal changes flawlessly, but if, in addition to external lethargy, the animal has other disturbing symptoms, the dog should be shown to the veterinarian.
Isolation after estrus
Controlling the condition of the dog during estrus, a rather important aspect will be the observation of all that concerns the discharge. Everything should be taken into account:
- color changes;
- smell, etc.
Most often, the first discharge is similar to thick blood. With a phase change, the consistency and color of the fluid changes, it becomes pale, slightly mucous. There should not be any specific smell. If something goes wrong, then it's time to take the dog to the doctor.
Also, observation in the clinic is necessary if the discharge smells unpleasant, especially with a characteristic aroma of decay. The same action when changing color to greenish, yellowish or black. Abundant discharge is also not a good sign.
Why go to the doctor right away? During estrus, the dog devotes too much strength to preparing the body for procreation. Her natural defenses are plummeting. For various pathogenic bacteria, this is a fertile time to "take root" in an organism with weak immunity. An animal can get infected anywhere:
- walks on the street:
- communication with other animals;
- wallowing in the grass;
- swimming, etc.
If during this period the infection is allowed to strengthen in the body, this can affect not only the entire subsequent estrus cycle, but also seriously damage the animal’s health. And some diseases, like a pyometer, are dangerous for the life of a pet. Most often, the fact that a dog is sick can be determined by its external indicators:
- temperature rises;
- decreased appetite;
- activity decreases.
But in general, only a specialist can give a general conclusion on the situation, therefore it is better not to delay.
The absence of estrus in the dog, as well as its delay, is a sign of ovarian dysfunction. In some cases, the delay occurs due to the pituitary gland. For example, hypothyroidism is one of the causes of latent estrus.
- If the dog is old enough, then ovarian hypofunction is inappropriate here. In some cases, delayed estrus can be due to complicated births that provoked a disease of the reproductive system. In such cases, the veterinarian examines the animal and prescribes an appropriate course of therapy.
- If you want to help in person, then you can bring the pet to another dog in estrus. In some cases, foreign pheromones start the sexual cycle.
- If the delays are permanent, then the dog may need surgery, if it is impossible to help the animal or it is difficult, then the doctor will suggest sterilization.
- Cancer can also be a cause of delays. To avoid problems of this kind, it is necessary to undergo a regular preventive examination.
Features of estrus in large, medium, small dogs
In dogs of small breeds, estrus starts from 6 months. Most often, the first estrus occurs before the year of the pet’s life. But there are no strict rules, each animal is individual. In medium and large dogs, the estrus most often begins after a year of life, but, as in the previous case, everything is purely individual.
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