Tazy or Kazakh Greyhound is an ancient breed of dog that is adapted for unarmed hunting in the steppe area. Like other greyhounds, she is distinguished by her sophisticated appearance, good disposition and ability to develop tremendous speed.
This hunting dog of the peoples of Central Asia is known since ancient times. It is believed that it was bred many centuries ago on the basis of the Persian saluki, Arabian servant and the ancestors of the pharaoh dog, to which the blood of local dogs was added to quickly adapt to other conditions of detention and climate. Basins are widespread mainly in Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, single specimens are found in large cities of Central Russia, among rural hunters of the Stavropol, Krasnodar Territory and the Volga region, as well as in Central Europe.
Tazy is a national pride, a property of the Kazakh people. At one time, they saved whole villages from starvation. With the dog you can walk with hares, corsacs, foxes, as well as roe deer, saigas and gazelles.
In the Soviet years, the breed attracted researchers, so A.A. Slutsky compiled the first official description of the pelvis and in 1939 published the book "Asian Greyhound Pelvis and Hunting with It." According to the scientist, in Kazakhstan there were several tens of thousands of greyhounds. The breed is recognized by the Union of Cynologists of Kazakhstan and cynological organizations of some other countries. In 2014, a standard was developed and recognized. The President of the National Club of the Kazakh Tazi breed noted that recognition by its international organizations should save the breed from degeneration. Today, Kazakh dog breeds are on the verge of extinction, especially tobet, because they are bred only by amateurs. In addition, there is a very fine line between the rocks of saluki and basins. In some countries, for example, in America, all pots are registered as saluki.
Like other greyhounds, pots hunt on the principle of "catch up and kill." These dogs are designed for running and unarmed hunting. Moreover, very often they are afraid of a shot. Instances that normally relate to loud sounds can deliver prey from the water, but they are not as passionate as a spaniel or retriever. Tazy are distinguished by good instinct, they freely prowl in front of the hunter, independently determine the beast and rush after him in pursuit.
The element of a basin is running. These dogs drive everything that moves.
The main subject of hunting from the basin is the fox, hare, polecat, badger. Several dogs can drive an ungulate beast and a wolf. It is worth noting that for hunting wolves, basins are too small and often do not survive after fights with a gray predator. In hunting, basins use eyesight, but also follow the trail well, using the scent, and are prone to porting. Tazi hunters claim that these dogs never crash against obstacles, as is the case with other high-speed breeds. Some lovers use pots in a joint hunt with a bird of prey. The greyhound must be greedy for the beast, maneuverable, dodgy, possess speed and have a good grip.
Video about the dog breed Tazy (Kazakh Greyhound):
Basins are medium-sized dogs with a strong, but not heavy skeleton, a dry type of constitution, well-developed muscles, especially in the hips and lower back. Male growth at the withers 55-70 cm, female - 53-65 cm. The basins of the Turkmen type are usually slightly smaller than the dogs of the Uzbek-Kazakh type.
The head is dry, long, when viewed from above, forms a sharp wedge. The lips are thin, fit tightly. the skull is moderately wide, with a weakly expressed parietal crest and a moderate occipital tubercle. Stop smooth. Ears are set at eye level or slightly higher. The nose is black, may be brown in dogs of a light color. The eyes are large, oval, expressive, dark in any color.
The neck is long, approximately equal to the length of the head, rounded and slightly flattened laterally, set high. The back is straight, wide, muscular. The loin is short, convex or straight. The croup is wide, long, moderately short, sloping. Mackles noticeably stand out, the width between them in a dog of medium height is 7-8 cm. The chest is deep, wide, rounded, the ribs are lowered to the elbows. The abdomen is well matched. The tail is lowered in a calm state, the end forms a steep hook, folded in a ring or half ring. During movement, the tail rises above the line of the back. Forelegs dry, straight, parallel. Elbows are directed back, metacarpals are relatively long, inclined. The paws are oval, slightly elongated fingers pressed tightly. Claws directed to the ground. Hind legs straight, parallel, widely spaced, dry with well-defined articulation angles and long levers, metatarsus sheer, long.
The coat of the pelvis is soft, short to the body snugly tight, no undercoat. On the ears elongated, wavy, descends below the ends of the auricle by 5-6 cm and forms the so-called burka. On the rear and front legs are towed, on the underside of the tail is a thick suspension. Color is monophonic: white, fawn, gray in all shades, black. speckles to match the color on the legs are allowed, whitish or light gray tan, with a black color - a white spot on the chest. Piebald and tiger colors are considered a vice.
What is the difference between pots and saluki
The similarity between these two breeds is so great that only experienced breeders can immediately determine who is in front of them. It is often not possible to determine the breed from a photo, especially from a bad angle. Even more complicating the identification is the fact that the pots can be very heterogeneous. Today in Russian breeding there are a lot of saluki-like dogs, they are beautiful, but very different from Kazakh and other working lines.
The head of the pelvis is a little rougher, it has a sharper stop and lower-set ears. The tail necessarily forms a cool hook, and in the saluki in most cases it is kept freely curved. The hind limbs are pelvis with more pronounced articulation angles, the metatarsals are sheer, long, while the saluki are short, and the angle of the hock joint is moderate.
Tazy is an active, cheerful and good-natured dog, a little wayward, but at the same time affectionate and intelligent. One of the characteristic features is shyness towards strangers, too large dogs and loud noises. It gets along very well with children, treats the child with care, tenderness and patience, but does not allow familiarity with itself. Basins are strongly attached to the owner, although they do not show this. In general, they are rather stingy in the manifestation of feelings. It is difficult to endure loneliness and a change of owner. Shunned by strangers, but very gullible and will go with anyone who takes them on a leash.
In a normal environment, basins are meek and obedient, however, finding themselves in the open, they often run away and cease to obey, succumbing to hunting instincts. The guard from the basin is useless, the dog is silent and in rare cases can notify the arrival of uninvited guests, whom he immediately meets with a wagging tail. At home, she is often intolerant of pain, can arrange a tantrum while combing out the tricks, but when she drives the beast, she does not pay attention to scratches.
Basins are generally non-conflict. If the dog is properly socialized, it will not be aggressive towards other animals, but you should not count on its exceptional “herbivore”.Being a hunter to the marrow of the bones, basins rarely touch poultry and livestock, unlike other greyhounds and gun dogs. During the walk, there may be problems with small dogs, which the greyhound sometimes perceives as game and pursues. To avoid this behavior, the puppy should grow up surrounded by other species of different breeds and sizes.
Parenting and training
Tazy can be trained well, but you should not expect from them unquestioning execution of commands. In the process of upbringing, difficulties rarely arise if the owner is familiar with the character traits and greyhound leashes. Tazy are smart and smart, they quickly understand what they are praised for, what they criticize them for, and try to live according to the established rules. On the hunt, they prefer to make decisions independently and be guided by their own mind. The owner is assigned the role of observer. Basins can and should be trained, especially if the dog lives in the city. Otherwise, you can get an uncontrollable, wayward dog with which it will be impossible to walk without a leash and in the presence of other dogs. During training, the method of positive reinforcement is used. The use of physical force can cause the pelvis to become closed, shy, and often unsuitable for hunting.
In order for the basins to start taking a hare or a fox, the young puppy is first allowed with an experienced dog. Pelvis rarely begins to take the beast without a hint of elders.
Life in a private house will be optimal for a basin, but walks in the yard cannot be regarded as a full-fledged physical activity. Aviary is allowed only if there are several dogs that will live together, regular exercise and attention from the person. On a leash, the dog will wither. Tazy is a steppe dog that easily accelerates to 60 km / h, and some representatives of the breed gained speed of 80 km / h. A lingering dog is unlikely to be able to hunt. Basins can live in an apartment, they have practically no specific smell of a dog, their hair is not dense, moreover, without undercoat, so there will be a minimum of it on the carpet. In the house, pots behave neatly and calmly, do not take up much space and do not bother.
The content of this clever hunting dog in the city has its own characteristics. Tazy are wayward, in childhood they can smash an apartment, and on walks they run away at any age. This is due to a very bright hunting instinct and the tremendous speed that dogs develop in pursuit. Often they run out onto the roadway and die under the wheels.
It is good when hunters start pots and the dog is used for its intended purpose. Otherwise, she needs to be given the opportunity at least once a week to run out into the open. Many owners do not even allow this dog to fear that it will take a trail and get lost. There is a high probability that this will happen. Collars with a GPS navigator became salvation for many.
It’s easy to take care of the pelvis. The dog is bathed once every 7-10 days, after which the wet hair is gently combed with a massage brush. You can use a hairdryer to dry completely. After walking, it is advisable to immediately remove burdock and grass change from the wool, avoiding the formation of warlocks. Periodically inspect the ears and clean sulfur as necessary. Old and sick dogs that run a little must always cut their claws. The length of the decorating hair is a hereditary factor. There are no magic balms or vitamins for lengthening the coat. It will grow as much as it is laid genetically.
The pots have a very soft and fine embellishing coat, which is easily tangled in tangles. The problem is improper selection of detergents and malnutrition.
On forums on the Internet you can find stories about Kazakh hunters who do not feed their dogs and they live by the principle: if you want to survive, eat somewhere. Of course there are such, however, there are only a few of them. Responsible tazyatniks feed basins to their fill. The diet for pots is made according to standard rules. Feed is selected in accordance with age, size and physiological condition. The best choice for dogs of this breed is food above the super-premium class for active medium-sized dogs. During the period of active physical activity and in the cold season, the calorie content of the diet is increased by supplementing with protein products or by adding an additional meal, which equals ½-1 portion.
Health and Life Expectancy
Typically, basins have a lifespan of 13-15 years. In general, dogs are very hardy, strong and rarely get sick with good care, maintenance and nutrition. It is very difficult to talk about the presence of hereditary diseases in the breed. A minimum of pelvic breeders rarely keep a statistical record of the diseases encountered. In addition, in view of the small population, inbreeding cannot be avoided, which in itself increases the likelihood of various kinds of diseases and pathologies. This should be considered when choosing a puppy.
In terms of disease prevention, basins need standard measures: annual vaccination, regular treatment of external and internal parasites.
It is worth noting that in the pelvis, individual intolerance to anesthesia, some antiparasitic and other drugs are often observed.
The easiest way to find a puppy is to ask the owners of these wonderful dogs about the presence of puppies, without being interested in the origin of the parents, their health and working qualities. However, this is not the surest way for a beginner greyhound with serious intentions.
It is better to take a greyhound puppy in the spring. Babies should be born at the end of winter, and mating should occur in December-January. This means that since the summer it is advisable to visit several large exhibitions or go to field trials, learn about the kennels, representatives of the breed, choose a breeder who breeds dogs of the type of his choice.
Mostly breeding is carried out taking into account working qualities, but more and more often you can meet tazyatniks who adhere to decorative breeding. Their dogs are not distinguished by outstanding talents and often lose in the exterior and behavior psychology. When choosing a greyhound for hunting, it is very important to see parents at work. Of course, there is no guarantee that the puppies will take over their skills, but the likelihood of this is higher than if you take the dog for hunting from cushions. An equally important issue is the choice of a puppy from the litter. It’s good if there is a specialist who is not interested in selling, but who has the necessary knowledge and will help. All babies in the litter should be outwardly healthy, fit for their age, without a hint of malaise.
It is very difficult to see a future hunter in a small puppy, a lot depends on how the puppy is raised.
In a house with young children, you should not take a puppy younger than 3 months old, and it is even better to think about buying an already adult dog with a soft character, who grew up with children, in no case an open-air cage.
Unlike their fellow showcases, saluki, pots can be called relatively inexpensive dogs. It is quite difficult to find a puppy, given that the herd is small and concentrated mainly in Kazakhstan and the southern regions of Russia. The price of a puppy pelvis usually varies between 15000-25000 rubles.
The gallery contains photos of puppies and adult dogs of the Tazy breed (Kazakh Greyhound).