If you have a cat, or maybe not one, then you know firsthand about their special emotional state. Yes, this is estrus in cats or estrus, we’ll talk about it now.
In cats, unlike, say, a dog or a human being, the estrus is not accompanied by bloody discharge. Nevertheless, it can be accurately determined that this moment has arrived. Regardless of the temperament of the animal, the behavior varies greatly.
Even the most aggressive pussies become affectionate, purr, rub on their feet, twist on the floor and do not leave their host. Although sometimes they can show aggression. If you pet the cat in an “interesting state” along the back, just above the tail, it will instantly penetrate to the floor, bend, raising the pelvis and take the tail to the side.
- Cataract in cats is accompanied by loss of appetite. Rapid urination and swelling of the genitals. The discharge from the genitals is transparent, but most often invisible, because even in this state the cat is clean.
- In some obese or debilitated cats, estrus can leak secretly.
- It is believed that sexual activity is determined by seasonality and lasts from February to October. But most often, this applies to darlings who have free access to the street. In apartment cats, the cycle is usually knocked down, and estrus can be observed all year round.
It is difficult to say in advance that puberty occurs between the ages of 5 months and a year, when the first estrus begins, and how it will go.
Duration of estrus and its course
The duration of estrus (estrus) in cats is purely individual, on average, lasts 5-7 days.
The process is natural, physiological and does not require human intervention, the only thing you can do is to observe the nature and duration of the sexual hunt.
Violations of the cycle may indicate serious illness and require urgent examination and consultation with a veterinarian.
Long periods are typical for cats living in apartments, as well as for animals with thyroid problems or underdeveloped ovaries. Prolonged estrus (estrus) may indicate ovarian pathology (inflammation, cysts, tumors).
Negative external manifestations of estrus
Few, but rather, even none of the owners of cats are not satisfied with changes in the behavior of the animal. Loud screams in the middle of the night, tantrums, attempts to escape through a window, closed by a mosquito net. All of this can lead to even the most calm person. But what categorically cannot be done to the owners of the animal at this time?
- Do not hit or scold the unfortunate animal. The cat itself may not mind curling up and getting enough sleep, but nature takes its toll.
- Some on the advice of friends, neighbors bathe a cat or, worse, doused with cold water. It is worth saying that those half an hour of silence that will go on licking will not save you, but for the animal this is unnecessary stress.
- Locking a cat in a closet, toilet or refrigerator in order to muffle a heart-rending cry is also not worth it. Staying in a confined space can lead to mental disorders.
- It is up to you to let the cat out into the street or not, but after her walks, be prepared for the appearance of kittens.
Interruption of estrus: all the pros and cons
Among cat owners, it is very common to interrupt estrus with hormonal agents.
The advantages of this method
The positive aspects of the reception are that the duration of night shouts is reduced to a minimum. Breeders sometimes use such means if they need to skip or delay mating.
You can resort to the use of hormonal drugs no more than twice a year.
Neglect of this rule can lead to hormonal disruptions that are difficult to treat and can lead to pathology of the genital organs, the development of cancer, often the mammary glands. Frequent, prolonged use of drugs that interrupt sexual intercourse in 70% of cases leads to castration, but at a more mature age, which is dangerous and always for medical reasons.
To alleviate the condition of the animal and for easier flow of estrus, you can use pheromones or herbal remedies. But it is worth saying that not all are amenable to their action. As, however, in the case of valerian, some are crazy about her, while others simply can’t stand it.
Is the operation a solution to the problem?
If we talk about surgery, there are two ways that everyone has probably heard about, this is castration and sterilization. What is their difference?
- Sterilization is an operation in which the fallopian tubes are ligated and the uterus is sometimes removed. As a result, the animal cannot have offspring, but fully retains sexual instincts. The operation is not effective for correcting behavior, which makes it not popular.
- Castration - those who think that this operation applies only to cats are mistaken. In fact, it involves the removal of the sex glands in both males and females. During abdominal surgery, the uterus is often removed.
Benefits of Castration
The operation can solve most behavior problems. The cat becomes calmer and more affectionate, playful disposition and hunting instinct are preserved to a greater extent. After castration, you do not need to think about an unwanted pregnancy, especially when the animal has pathologies in which pregnancy can be harmful. Or while being kept with a cat.
Castrated animals live 1-2 years longer. This is due to the fact that the cat is no longer at risk of serious diseases of the reproductive system, such as pathology of the uterus, tumors and ovarian cysts.
The operation is carried out only under general anesthesia, for the body it is very stressful. But if the animal is young and healthy, then in most cases, after preliminary tests, the doctor gives permission. Modern drugs for anesthesia act as softly and quickly removed from the body.
It is widely believed that after surgery the cat becomes sluggish, uninteresting and always gets better to gigantic proportions. Let's say that there is some truth in this. The lack of sexual desire, really makes the animal much calmer. Now the cat spends less energy and devotes more time to food and its digestion on the couch. But if you do not succumb to the "hungry" cat eyes and maintain the correct diet, your cat will maintain an excellent physique.
We can definitely say that castration is better than taking hormonal drugs. This operation rarely causes complications, and the recovery period of the animal is usually no more than two weeks. As for the economic side of the issue, one operation, in any case, will be much cheaper for you than life-long administration of harmful drugs.
Video review on the characteristics of estrus and puberty in cats
- The introduction of special chips for cats
- Castration and sterilization: the pros and cons
- Discussion of the problems of sexual activity of cats
- Features of operations cats and cats